Mersin’s Land, Soil, and Agriculture: A Comprehensive Analysis

Mersin’s Land, Soil, and Agriculture: A Comprehensive Analysis

Mersin’s Land, Soil, and Agriculture: A Comprehensive Analysis



In the southern gateway of Turkey, where the Taurus mountains meet the Mediterranean sea, lies the fertile city of Mersin. Renowned for its vast agricultural land, unique soil structure, and impressive crop yield, Mersin stands as a pillar in Turkey’s agricultural sector. This article delves into the depths of Mersin’s land structure, the yield of its soil, and the intricacies of its farming practices.

The Lay of the Land

Mersin, bordered by the Mediterranean sea to the south and the rugged Taurus mountains to the north, spans a variety of terrains. The city’s topography descends from mountainous highlands through hilly midlands to a coastal plain, each of which offers unique agricultural opportunities. This varied landscape not only contributes to the city’s visual allure but also forms the basis of Mersin’s diverse agricultural portfolio.

The Soil Beneath

The fertility of Mersin’s land owes much to the richness of its soil. The alluvial soil found in the coastal plain, enriched by river sediments over millennia, is ideal for a variety of crops, including citrus fruits, bananas, and vegetables. The midlands, composed of clay and loam soils, are perfect for cultivating olives and grains. The rocky soils of the highlands support hardy crops like lentils and other pulses.

From Land to Table

Mersin’s agricultural sector is the backbone of its economy. The city’s combination of fertile soil, favorable climate, and efficient irrigation systems results in a bountiful yield. Citrus fruits, especially lemons and oranges, dominate the crop production, with Mersin being one of Turkey’s largest citrus exporters. Other significant crops include bananas, olives, and a variety of vegetables and grains.

Not only does Mersin’s agriculture sector feed its people, but it also plays a significant role in the city’s export economy. The harvested produce travels from the verdant fields of Mersin to markets across Turkey and overseas, strengthening the city’s economic prosperity.

Sustainable Farming Practices

In recent years, Mersin has been at the forefront of adopting sustainable farming practices. From efficient irrigation methods to organic farming, the city is striving to increase agricultural productivity while minimizing environmental impact. Such sustainable practices ensure the long-term viability of Mersin’s fertile lands and contribute to a greener, healthier environment.


Mersin, with its diverse landscape and fertile soil, is a powerhouse of agricultural productivity. The city’s commitment to sustainable farming practices further solidifies its position as a leading agricultural hub. Through an in-depth understanding of its land structure and soil yield, one can appreciate the significant role Mersin plays in Turkey’s agricultural sector and its potential for future growth.


Soil is a natural resource consisting of a set of organic and inorganic substances that people need to survive, on which agricultural activities are carried out. The soil, which has a vital value for humans, is damaged as a result of unconscious behavior and practices of people and significantly loses its productivity. These negative developments seen on the scale of the world and our country are also valid for Mersin and the surrounding agricultural lands.
The city of Mersin is located in the Adana Section of the Mediterranean Region. The city of Mersin, which is located between Deliçay and Mezitli creek in the east-west direction and the Mediterranean Sea and the Çukurova highway in the south-north direction, covers an average area of 8,000 Decares.
Mersin, which started to be used as a small settlement unit in 1852, has become a commercial center where agricultural products grown in Çukurova and the southern half of Central Anatolia and Southeastern Anatolia are marketed to the outside in a short time. The development process of Mersin, which started in 1852, has continued until today, and in the period we have found, it is the 10th in terms of socio-economic Deceleration among the provinces in the Republic of Turkey.
The City of Mersin, which has more than one soil type in its structure, is important in terms of Citrus agriculture production and trade due to the Alluvial, Red Mediterranean, Red Brown Mediterranean and Coluvial Soil types found on and around its borders.
The Brown Forest and Rendzina Lands located within the city limits, on the other hand, have a more suitable use for grain production and vitiiculture. At the same time, Mersin has a suitable structure for tropical fruit production with its mild climate and fertile soils, which are generally warm. In the Mersin Region, where citrus and banana production is intense, it is possible to cultivate plants unique to different parts of the world, such as Dragon Fruit, Avocado, kiwi, guava, which are not unique to the region and country under normal conditions.
In Mersin, which has a rich geography in terms of plateaus, streams, lakes and fertile plains, 70 percent of its total exports consist of agricultural and food products. The product groups that rank Mersin as a fourth in the country in agricultural exports are citrus fruits and legumes.
Turkey is the 8th in the world with a production volume of 4.3 million tons in the citrus sector. Mersin is at the top of the provinces that gain this position to Turkey in the world in terms of citrus production and export.
According to the 2020 data of TUIK, Russia, Iraq, Germany, Syria and Ukraine have been recognized as the most important export markets and Mersin makes 41 percent of its total exports to these 5 countries.

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