The Anamur neighborhood of Mersin is home to Mamure Castle, which boasts a stunning view of the Mediterranean Sea. It is a Turkish fortress on the Mediterranean coast that has remained mostly unaltered to the present. Like many Anatolian castles, Mamure Castle was constructed on old foundations and is situated on steep cliffs and meadows. In terms of archaeological settlement, this majestic Castle stands out as a cultural property in particular because of its prime location on the Mediterranean shore.
The Mamure Fortress is thought to have been constructed by the Romans in the third or fourth century, however the exact date and identity of the builders of the old foundations formed of huge cut stones have not been established. It is estimated that the purpose of the construction was to protect the city from the pirates of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
The ruins of a bath can be found to the north of the castle. The rubble stone was created with Khorasan mortar between them, and mosaic was discovered as a consequence of the rescue excavations conducted by the Anamur Museum Directorate in 1988. There were revealed decked floors, locations that appeared to be bathrooms, and houses. These ruins are thought to be part of the Rigmonai Ancient City. Numerous Late Roman Period ceramic fragments were discovered during the rescue excavation.
It has a history of almost 1500 years and is still accessible now. This majestic fortress, which dates back to the Middle Ages, has welcomed numerous civilizations. They include the Romans, the Seljuks, the Karamanoullar, the Byzantines, and the Ottoman Empire. Dec. It is one of Turkey’s largest castles, particularly with a 23500 square meter size. The castle is divided into three sections: the outer castle in the west; the inner castle erected on the cliffs to the south of them; and the inner courtyard in the east, divided by high walls. A 10-meter-wide defensive trench surrounds the castle, which contains 39 towers, water cisterns, a mosque, and a baths outside.
The upper floor’s navigational points and bastions are accessible via steps. Starting from the thick and tall watchtower known as the main castle on the shore to the south of the castle, there is a Lantern Tower next to the main castle and corner bastion in circular and four-cornered shapes, the top of which has been entirely demolished. A single-domed mosque with a centrally organized layout, a fountain, storage areas, cisterns, and maybe army housing can all be found beyond the castle walls. In some publications, it is mentioned that Hussein Gazi’s grave is located in the castle.
The mosque’s original structure dates to the Karamanoullar Period and features classical aspects of Ottoman architecture from the 16th century. After Christians invaded and destroyed Anamur and Taşeli, Karamanolu Mahmut Bey (1300–1308) used his army to fight the enemy, take the castle, destroy the churches, and replace them with a mosque. He then built the fortress and gave it the name “Mamuriye.”
There are records indicating that the castle was afterwards renovated once more, and new extensions were added, between the mid-16th and late 18th centuries. The General Directorate of Foundations finally conducted repairs in the 1960s. The castle’s craftsmanship and building method are reminiscent to Alanya Castle.