The Housing Market’s Effects of the Great Recession
The worldwide economic slump that started in December 2007 has had the biggest impact on the current real estate market over the past ten years. The Great Recession was a time of extreme economic unrest when the majority of people, if not all of them, encountered extraordinary difficulties.
The housing bubble kept expanding despite the fact that artificially high home prices, lax lending standards, and a surge in subprime mortgages were economically unsustainable. In 2007, the bubble eventually burst.
The housing sector was severely damaged as the crisis worsened by multiple foreclosures and defaults, which caused a sharp decline in the value of purposefully opaque financial assets that were directly related to subprime mortgages (e.g., mortgage-backed securities). The aftermath has repercussions for the entire world financial system.
The Housing Market for Real Estate In the midst of the Great Recession
Both domestic and foreign investors kept pouring money into the real estate market in the years preceding the recession. Credit was given to homebuyers without sufficient risk management. Rising property prices and cheap credit combined to increase the number of subprime mortgages, which was a major contributing factor to the Great Recession.
Lenders provide hazardous borrowers with subprime mortgages, which are financial products with wildly different conditions. Someone who is a hazardous borrower may have a poor credit history, unstable income, and a high debt-to-income ratio. Additionally, second-home buyers frequently used subprime mortgages to finance their purchases of real estate. Actually, lenders targeted these homebuyers deliberately for subprime mortgages.
Additionally, the interest rates on subprime mortgages are frequently adjustable. Mortgages with low interest rates were offered to customers by subprime lenders for a limited time; however, after that time period has passed, interest rates may increase significantly. From 1998 to 2001, the average interest rate for subprime mortgages was up to 3.7 percentage points higher than that of regular mortgages.
Resulting Impact on the Housing Market
Many people lost their houses as a result of the subprime mortgage meltdown, and the aftermath led to economic stagnation. The value of Americans’ houses fell well below the amount they had borrowed, and subprime interest rates skyrocketed, putting them in financial peril.
Some regions of the nation saw an almost doubling of monthly mortgage payments. Most of the time, defaulting on mortgage loans was preferable to paying more for a home whose value had drastically decreased.
Homebuilding consequently experienced a severe drop, limiting the availability of new homes for a continually expanding population. A seller’s market was developed in the real estate sector as a result of the low supply and high demand. Home prices rose as more individuals competed for fewer available properties.