What are Sustainable (Renewable) Resources?
Sustainable energy is a type of energy that does not create problems that occur in “non-renewable sources” regarding consumption, as it is obtained from natural resources that are renewed at a higher rate than they are consumed. As an example, sunlight and wind, which are abundant around a person and are in the category of renewable resources, can be given.
Fossil fuels – coal, oil, natural gas – are non–renewable -Unsustainable- resources that take hundreds of millions of years to form. The use of fossil fuels Decimates the natural ecosystem; it causes harmful greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide, therefore, it does not pass between the types of resources that sustainable engineering and architecture use to obtain energy.
Sustainable energy production and use creates much lower emissions than burning fossil fuels that harm nature. In order to prevent the Climate Crisis, it is planned to gradually use sustainable (renewable) resources in every area of human life as much as possible. Building construction and meeting the energy needs of the building through sustainable sources is the main goal of sustainable architecture.
Solar Energy,
Solar energy is the most easily accessible of all energy sources. The use of solar energy can be easily found and is open for use even in cloudy weather.. Solar technologies allow the rays from the Sun to be transformed into forms suitable for human use, such as heat, natural lighting, cooling, electricity and fuel. Solar technologies convert sunlight into electrical energy through mirrors or photovoltaic panels that concentrate the light. The dramatic decline in the production cost of solar panels over the past decade ; it has made them not only affordable, but often the cheapest electricity generation choice.
Wind Energy,
The production of wind energy is obtained from the kinetic energy of moving air using “wind turbines” built on land or at sea. Wind energy has been used by people for thousands of years before the development of technology. Gigantic wind turbines have been designed with the idea of “using electricity production at the highest level”, which has been formed recently.
Geothermal Energy,
It uses the accessible thermal energy contained in the Earth. Heat is extracted using wells or other means. When water of various temperatures is brought to the surface, it can be used for electricity generation.
In the production of hydropower, the energy of flowing water is used.It can be produced from reservoirs and rivers. Reservoir hydroelectric power plants rely on water stored in a reservoir, while river-flowing hydroelectric power plants use energy from the current flow of the river. Hydropower is currently the largest renewable energy source in the electricity sector. It is generally based on cyclical precipitation patterns and can be negatively affected by climate-induced droughts or changes in ecosystems that affect precipitation patterns.The resulting amount of energy can increase or rise in parallel with the flow rate of the water.
There are more than one use of hydroelectric energy. These’re include potable water, irrigation water, flood and drought control, navigation services and energy supply.
Ocean Energy,
Ocean energy, the production of electricity or heat has emerged from technologies that use the kinetic and thermal energy .However, Ocean energy systems are still at an early stage of development.

In our country, which has a suitable geography for the use of sustainable energy sources, the use of these energy sources has a positive impact on the real estate sector and an increase in real estate investments is observed.

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